But a lot of them encountered difficulties steering getting older tech firms. Of these ladies, solely Ms. Catz, Ms. Hood and Ms. Porat stay in their roles.
“The snail’s pace of progress for women leaders in Silicon Valley is worse than disappointing,” stated Nicole Wong, a deputy chief expertise officer for the Obama administration and a former Twitter government. “It makes the commitments that tech leaders made around racial and gender diversity in 2014 look performative.”
In 2017, tales of sexual harassment by highly effective males in Silicon Valley turned a part of the #MeToo motion. That yr, a gaggle of feminine traders created All Raise.
In 2018, California handed a regulation requiring publicly traded firms to have not less than one feminine board director, resulting in scores of ladies becoming a member of company boards. (A California decide struck down the regulation final month; the state has stated it is going to attraction the ruling.) Another new regulation, handed final yr, the Silenced No More Act, offers authorized safety for individuals who converse publicly about discrimination or harassment they skilled at work.
Women in tech have continued talking out about unfair remedy. In 2020, Ms. Brougher reached a $22.5 million settlement with Pinterest for discrimination and retaliation. A discrimination lawsuit by Emily Kramer, a former chief advertising officer on the monetary start-up Carta, is working its method via the courts.
There have been some indicators of progress. Over the previous 5 years, Katrina Lake of Stitch Fix, Julie Wainwright of The RealReal, Jennifer Hyman of Rent the Runway and Whitney Wolfe Herd of Bumble took the businesses they based public. And following in Ms. Sandberg’s footsteps, feminine chief working officers at the moment are extra frequent in tech. They embody Ms. Choi at Coinbase, Gwynne Shotwell at SpaceX and Jen Wong at Reddit.
At Meta, Ms. Sandberg employed and promoted ladies, akin to Marne Levine, the chief enterprise officer, and Lori Goler, the top of human sources and hiring. The proportion of ladies in Meta’s administration with titles of director or larger increased to 35 % in 2021, from 30 % in 2018, in keeping with the corporate’s information.
Meta additionally developed ladies who now lead different tech firms, together with Ms. Simo, who oversaw the principle Facebook app earlier than turning into Instacart’s chief government final yr.