UNITED NATIONS (AP) — U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres stated he spoke to Russian President Vladimir Putin Wednesday about exporting Russian fertilizer by means of Ukraine’s Black Sea ports to handle a rising international meals disaster that threatens a number of famines.
The U.N. chief stated additionally they mentioned safety at Europe’s largest nuclear plant, the place he stated bombing has stopped for the previous three days, and prisoners of war.
“I believe that there are negotiations still taking place,” he stated. “I strongly hope that the problem of prisoners of war will be entirely solved, and I strongly hope that all prisoners of war from both sides will be exchanged.”
Guterres advised a information convention that Putin stated a fact-finding mission he appointed on the request of Russia and Ukraine to analyze killings on the Olenivka jail in a separatist area of jap Ukraine on July 29 will be capable to go there “through whatever way we choose, and that is a very important aspect.” The warring nations accuse one another of finishing up the assault in which separatist authorities and Russian officers stated 53 Ukrainian prisoners of war had been killed and 75 had been wounded.
Guterres stated the decision to Putin was a follow-up to his assembly with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy in Lviv on Aug. 18, and common calls to the top of Zelenskyy’s workplace, Andriy Yermak.
Putin is just not attending subsequent week’s annual gathering of world leaders on the U.N. General Assembly which Guterres stated is happening “at a time of great peril.”
“Our world is blighted by war, battered by climate chaos, scarred by hate, and shamed by poverty, hunger and inequality,” the secretary-general stated.
The war in Ukraine is just not solely devastating the nation however dragging down the worldwide financial system, Guterres stated, and hopes for a peace deal are “minimal.” He added: “I would be lying if I would say that I hope that it will happen soon.”
Despite the July 22 deal to begin delivery Ukrainian grain from Black Sea ports and get Russian meals and fertilizers to international markets, Guterres stated, “there is a risk of multiple famines this year.”
The secretary-general stated excessive costs for fertilizer have already diminished the planting of meals crops which is why it’s crucial to extend Russian exports of ammonia — a key ingredient of fertilizers — and why talks are happening on the presumably of delivery by means of the Black Sea ports that are presently getting used to ship grain from Ukraine.
U.N. commerce chief Rebeca Grynspan, who leads the group making an attempt to facilitate unimpeded international entry to Russian meals and fertilizer, advised reporters Tuesday that Russia reported a 12% improve in meals exports from June to July, however fertilizer exports are nonetheless down regardless of being coated by the settlement, with insurance coverage, financing and delivery nonetheless points.
Guterres stated he mentioned the “dramatic situation in fertilizers” and the obstacles to delivery ammonia from Russia with Putin.
“We are risking to have a fertilizer market crunch,” the U.N. chief stated. ”We have information from totally different components of the world that the areas cultivated are a lot smaller than in the earlier cycle, which implies that we danger in 2022 the actual lack of meals.”
“So to remove the obstacles that still exist in relation to the export of Russian fertilizers is absolutely essential at the present moment,” he stated.
The July 22 grain deal expires in 120 days and Guterres stated “a very important dialogue” is happening between the U.N. and Russia, and between the U.N. and Ukraine, “and we are looking not only at maintaining the grain deal but expanding it.” And one instance is presumably delivery Russian ammonia by means of the identical Black Sea channel as Ukrainian grain, he stated.
Grynspan, who heads the U.N. Conference on Trade and Development, stated fertilizer is required by October and November, the most recent, for the northern hemisphere planting season.
On the problem of the Zaporizhzhia nuclear energy plant in southeastern Ukraine, Europe’s largest, the top of the U.N. nuclear watchdog company stated Monday that he has began consultations with Ukraine and Russia on his name for a “nuclear safety and security protection zone” across the facility, and the 2 sides look like .
Rafael Grossi, the director-general of the International Atomic Energy Agency, stated the 2 sides look like .
He made the proposal final week after main a group of inspectors to the nuclear plant and leaving two of them there to watch its security. The plant has been occupied by Russian forces however operated by its Ukrainian staff since early in the war.
The Zaporizhzhia plant was reconnected to Ukraine’s electrical energy grid over the weekend, permitting engineers to close down its final operational reactor in an try to keep away from catastrophe as combating raged in the world.
Guterres stated based on his newest info, electrical energy is being supplied to ensure the cooling of the reactors and different wanted electrical energy.
“We have been now three days without bombing,” he stated.